To diagnose thrombophlebitis, your doctor will ask you about your discomfort and look for affected veins near your skin's surface. To determine whether you have superficial thrombophlebitis or deep vein thrombosis, your doctor might choose one of these tests:. A wandlike device transducer moved over the affected area of your leg sends sound waves into your leg.
As the sound waves travel through your leg tissue and reflect back, a computer transforms the waves into a moving image on a video screen, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest.
This test can confirm the diagnosis and distinguish between Thrombophlebitis Bluttest and deep vein thrombosis, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest. Almost everyone with a blood clot has an elevated blood level of a naturally Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, clot-dissolving substance called D dimer. But D dimer levels can be elevated in other conditions. So a test for D dimer isn't conclusive, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, but can indicate the need for further testing.
It's also useful for ruling out DVT and for identifying people at risk of developing thrombophlebitis repeatedly.
Compression stockings, also called support stockings, compress your legs, promoting circulation. A stocking butler may help you put on the stockings, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest. For superficial thrombophlebitis, your doctor Thrombophlebitis Bluttest recommend applying heat to Thrombophlebitis Bluttest painful area, elevating the affected leg, using an over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug NSAID and possibly wearing compression stockings.
The condition usually improves on its own. If you have deep vein thrombosis, injection of a blood-thinning anticoagulant medication, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, such as low molecular weight heparin or fondaparinux Arixtrawill prevent clots from enlarging.
After the initial treatment, taking the oral anticoagulant warfarin Coumadin, Jantoven, others or the newer rivaroxaban Xarelto for several months continues to prevent clots from enlarging.
If your doctor prescribes a blood thinner, follow directions carefully. Their most serious side effect can be excessive bleeding. If you Thrombophlebitis Bluttest signs or symptoms of thrombophlebitis, such as a red, swollen or tender vein, see your doctor right away, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest. If the vein swelling and pain are severe or you Thrombophlebitis Bluttest other signs and Thrombophlebitis Bluttest that might indicate a blood clot traveling to your lungs, such as shortness of breath or coughing up blood, call or your local emergency number.
Have someone take you to your doctor or emergency room, if possible. It might be difficult for you to drive, and it's helpful to have someone with you to help you remember the information you receive. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. Diagnosis To diagnose thrombophlebitis, your doctor will ask you about your discomfort and look for affected veins near your skin's surface.
To determine whether you have superficial thrombophlebitis or deep vein thrombosis, your doctor might choose one of these tests: Support stockings Compression stockings, also called support stockings, compress your legs, promoting circulation. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic.
References Nasr H, et al. Superficial thrombophlebitis Thrombophlebitis Bluttest venous thrombosis. Scovell S, et al. Phlebitis and thrombosis of the superficial lower extremity veins. Accessed July 11, Approach to the diagnosis and therapy of a lower extremity deep vein thrombosis.
Di Nisio M, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, et al. Treatment for superficial thrombophlebitis of the leg review. Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews.
National Wie man Krampfadern an den Beinen Volk heilt, Lung, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, and Blood Institute. Alguire PC, et al. What is it used for? Mayo Clinic Store Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.
Thrombophlebitis Bluttest What is Phlebitis? Treatment & Symptoms for Thrombophlebitis
Phlebitis fle-BYE-tis means inflammation of a vein. Thrombophlebitis is due to one or more blood clots in a vein that cause inflammation. Thrombophlebitis usually occurs in leg veins, but it may occur in an arm. The thrombus in the vein causes pain and irritation and may block blood flow in the veins, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest. Phlebitis can occur in both the surface superficial or deep veins.
Injury Thrombophlebitis Bluttest a vein increases the risk of forming a blood clot. Sometimes clots occur without an injury. Some risk factors for thrombophlebitis include the following:, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest. There is usually a slow onset of a tender red area along the superficial veins on the skin. A long, thin red area may be seen as the inflammation follows a superficial vein. This area may feel hard, warm, and tender.
The skin around the vein may be itchy and swollen. The area may begin to throb or burn, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest. Symptoms may be worse when the leg is lowered, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, especially when first getting out of bed in the morning. A low-grade fever may occur. Sometimes phlebitis may occur where a peripheral intravenous line was started. The surrounding area may be sore and tender along the vein, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest.
If an infection is present, symptoms may include redness, fever, pain, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, swelling, or breakdown of the skin.
This can be similar in presentation to superficial phlebitis, but some people may have no symptoms. One may have pain and swelling throughout the entire limb. For example, the lower leg may swell for no apparent reason. Some people also get fever from a superimposed bacterial infection and skin discoloration Thrombophlebitis Bluttest ulcers if the condition becomes chronic and was inadequately treated earlier. Call Thrombophlebitis Bluttest health care provider if you have signs and symptoms of swelling, pain, and inflamed superficial veins on the arms or legs.
If you are not better in a week or two or if it gets any worse, get reevaluated to Thrombophlebitis Bluttest sure you don't have a more serious condition. Deep vein thrombophlebitis requires immediate medical care.
If you have any of these signs and symptoms, go to a hospital emergency department for evaluation:. Your health care provider will examine you and ask questions about your symptoms. D-dimer is a blood test that measures a substance that is released as a blood clot dissolves. If this blood test is negative, and you have no risk factors, then it is unlikely that you have a blood clot, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest.
Ultrasound can detect clots or blockage of blood flow, especially in larger, more proximal upper leg veins. A small hand-held instrument probe is pressed against your skin to help identify blood clots and where the obstruction is. Thrombophlebitis Bluttest is a painless, noninvasive test. Occasionally a venogram is needed to identify blood clots in the smaller, more distal veins. This is an invasive procedure that requires injecting X-ray dye or contrast material into a vein on the foot, then an X-ray is taken of the flow of the dye up the leg.
An anti-inflammatory drug, such as aspirin or ibuprofenThrombophlebitis Bluttest, can help lessen the pain and inflammation of superficial phlebitis. But check with your doctor first. If you increase your walking, you Thrombophlebitis Bluttest blood flow.
This helps prevent blood Thrombophlebitis Bluttest from developing. Prescription leg compression stockings knee or thigh high improve your blood flow and may help to relieve your pain and swelling.
Thrombophlebitis Bluttest bed rest for prolonged periods. It can make your symptoms worse. If you have deep vein thrombophlebitis, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, you may need to stay in the hospital for a few days for diagnosis and treatment to ensure that no complications occur, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest.
If your evaluation shows Thrombophlebitis Bluttest phlebitis and you are otherwise healthy, you can likely go home. You will need Krampfadern book free download use compression stockings and probably anti-inflammatory medications to control Thrombophlebitis Bluttest symptoms.
Only a few cases require antibiotics. If you have a history of deep vein thrombophlebitis, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, or if the phlebitis might possibly spread to the deep veins, you will need to take a blood thinner anticoagulant. The Thrombophlebitis Bluttest of anticoagulant treatment is usually between months, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest. If the superficial phlebitis has progressed to involve the deep veins, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, then it is a serious condition that may even require hospital admission for treatment and further evaluation.
Phlebitis in the superficial veins is rarely serious and usually responds to pain control, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, elevation, and warm compresses for weeks, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest. A to Z Guides Thrombophlebitis Bluttest. Superficial phlebitis affects veins on Thrombophlebitis Bluttest skin surface.
The condition is rarely serious and, with proper care, usually resolves rapidly. Sometimes people with superficial phlebitis also get deep vein thrombophlebitis, so a medical evaluation is necessary. Deep vein thrombophlebitis affects the larger blood vessels, usually deep in the legs. Large blood clots can form, which may break off and travel to the lungs. This is a serious condition called pulmonary embolism.
Phlebitis Causes Superficial phlebitis can be a complication due to a medical or surgical procedure. Some risk factors for thrombophlebitis include the following: Prolonged inactivity - Staying in bed or sitting for many hours, as in a car or on an airplane, creating stagnant or slow flow of blood from the legs in a dependent position This pooling of blood in the legs leads to thrombus formation.
Sedentary lifestyle - Not getting any exercise Obesity Smoking cigarettes Certain medical conditions, such as cancer or blood disordersThrombophlebitis Bluttest increase the clotting potential of the blood Injury to your arms or legs Hormone replacement therapy or birth control pills Pregnancy Varicose veins Phlebitis Symptoms Superficial phlebitis There is usually a slow onset of a tender red area along the superficial veins on the skin.
Continued If an infection is present, symptoms may include redness, fever, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, pain, swelling, or breakdown of the skin. Deep vein phlebitis This can be similar in presentation to superficial phlebitis, but some people may have no symptoms, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest. When to Seek Medical Care Call your health care provider if you have signs and symptoms of swelling, pain, and inflamed superficial veins on the arms or legs. If you have any of these signs and symptoms, go to a hospital emergency department for evaluation: High fever with any symptoms in an arm or leg Lumps in a leg Severe pain and swelling in an arm or leg New, unexplained significant shortness of breath, which could be the first tip-off that a blood clot has already traveled to your lung ; call if you are having trouble breathing.
Exams and Tests Your health care provider will examine you and ask questions about your symptoms. Continued Phlebitis Treatment Self-Care at Home An anti-inflammatory drug, such as aspirin or ibuprofencan help lessen the pain and inflammation of superficial phlebitis. Medical Treatment If your evaluation shows superficial phlebitis and you are otherwise healthy, Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, you can likely go home.
If you have signs of infection, you will need to take an antibiotic. Next Steps Outlook Phlebitis Thrombophlebitis Bluttest the superficial veins is rarely serious and usually responds to pain control, elevation, and warm compresses for weeks. Multimedia Media file 1: Superficial and deep vein systems in the leg. Synonyms and Keywords phlebitis, blood clot in the arm, blood clot in the Thrombophlebitis Bluttest, deep venous thrombophlebitis, thrombophlebitis, superficial vein thrombophlebitis, superficial phlebitis, thrombus, inflammation of a vein, deep vein thrombophlebitis.